Biomedicine is a multidisciplinary journal and therefore research findings (papers), reviews, case reports, letters to the editor of general significance that are written clearly and well organized will be given preference. It invites papers under the following categories:
- Research papers
- Reviews /special articles*
- Case reports
- Letters to the Editor**
*Reviews and Special articles will be considered from senior scientists **A letter can be a brief scientific communication
- A manuscript should be written in a clear and concise manner.
- Each manuscript should be accompanied by a covering letter giving details of the corresponding author’s name, mailing address with correct pin code, phone and fax number(s) and e-mail address.
- The manuscript text should be in MS word format in Biomedicine style ie., typed in Times New Roman font (size 12), double-space lines and printed only one side of bond paper (21 x 29.7 cm)
- Use British format of the English language.
- Gene symbols (Hin III), scientific names of organisms of all taxonomic ranks (E.coli, Hibiscus esculuntus) as well as non-English words (in-vivo, in-vitro, in-situ) should be given in italics.
- Abbreviations should be used only if they help to improve clarity of the text. Extensive use of abbreviations is discouraged.
- The manuscript submitted for publication in Biomedicine should not have been submitted elsewhere simultaneously and should not have been reported earlier either partly or totally.
- The abstract of the research paper must be in standard structured format.
- In general, the length of full research paper should not exceed eight (6) printed pages of the journal with each page containing approximately 450-500 words. Reviews/special articles can go up to 8 printed pages. Case report is limited to 4 pages and letter to the editor 2 pages is print.
- The format of each research paper should be as follows:
- Title page having title, authors, address, corresponding author’s name, email id, abstract and key words
- Materials and Methods
- Acknowledgement (if any)
It should contain, in the following order, the complete ‘Title’ with sub-title, if any, of the research work, followed by a short title for use in folio line; complete name(s) of the author(s); respective affiliation(s) of the author(s); an ‘abstract’ (briefly, in about 200 words, it should contain the purpose, methods, results and conclusion(s) of the paper); 3-5 ‘keywords; and at the bottom, complete contact details of the corresponding author.
It should provide sufficient information on the topic of research to help the reader(s) understand and evaluate the presented study. Previous work should be cited correctly while avoiding a lengthy review on the topic. It should clearly outline the scientific hypothesis that was analyzed and the rationale for the study and the experiments undertaken.
Materials and Methods
This section must be detailed enough to allow reproduction of the experiments described. Novel methods and relevant modification, as well as genuine technical innovations, have to be described completely, but there is no need for repeating methods that are published in detail elsewhere. Also, authors should remember to do the following:
- Clearly mention the department and institution where the research work was carried out.
- Study group or sampling method should be clearly mentioned. Period(s) when the study was carried out need(s), if necessary.
- The method(s) and procedure(s) should be explicitly stated to enable other research workers to reproduce the result(s), if necessary.
- Provide reference(s) and brief description(s) for methods(s) that has/have been published but is/are not well known.
- Describe new or substantially modified method(s). Give reasons for using it/them. Indicate its/their limitation(s).
- Established method(s) can be just mentioned with reference.
- If the procedure(s) involve(s) an assay, include data on its accuracy, specificity, sensitivity and reproducibility.
- When reporting experiment(s) on human subjects, it should be indicated whether the procedure(s) followed was/were in accordance with the Ethical Standards of Government Authorities (Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) or similar organizations of other countries) on human experimentation.
- The drug(s) and chemical(s) used should be precisely identified including generic name(s), dosage(s) and route(s) of administration.
- Details of statistical method(s) adopted for analysis of data should be described.
- The statistical analysis and significance of the findings when appropriate should be mentioned
This section should present the data as clearly as possible. Authors are encouraged to describe the rationale for the experimental design, but extensive interpretation must be reserved for the discussion. Please avoid redundancy in the presentation of data. Results in the form of a figure may not be presented additionally as a table or vice-versa. Only important data should be mentioned. Statistical tests and values must be mentioned in tables. Only important observations need to be emphasized or summarized. Necessary tables and figures should be in appropriate places in the text. Tables should not be placed in boxes but in plain format. The caption for the table should be given at the top of the table. Statistics relevant to the data should be given as foot note under the table.
It should give the main conclusion(s) from the experimental data without lengthy repetition and should interpret the same with respect to relevant literature. The discussion should deal with the interpretation of results and avoid repeating what has already been presented under results. The conclusion(s) can be linked with the goal(s) of the study.
In this section, the authors(s) may thank/acknowledge personal, institutional and financial assistance received to undertake research work related to the manuscript.
References in the text should be given in simple parentheses. Citations in the text are given using numerals (1, 2, 3….) If necessary, use surname(s) to identify publication(s) by single or two authors. Publications by three or more authors are cited by the first author’s surname followed by “et al.” (e.g. Narasimman et al.). In taxonomic papers complete species citations including authors and year of description are required. List publications in the references section in the same order in which they appear in the text. The number of references for a review, special article and research paper should be limited to 25; a case report 5-10 and letter 3-5.
- Article within a journal
- The authors are advised to adhere to the following examples: Correct Format
Koonin, E.V., Altschul, S.F., and Bork, P. Bioactive potentials of Marine Cyanobacteria. Nat. Genet. 1996; 13: 226-267.
- Article within a journal supplement
Orengo,C.A., Bray, J.E., Hubbard, T., Locote, L., and Sillitoe, I. Oxidative Stress and non – enzymatic antioxidant status in rheumatoid arthritis. Proteins. 1999; 43(supple 3): 149-170.
- In press article
Kharitonov, S.A., and Barnes, P.J. Indices of oxidative stress in smokers. Eur. Repair. J. in press.
- Published abstract
Zvaifler, N.J., Burger, J.A., Maronova-Mutafchieva, L., Taylor,P., and Maini, R.N. Mesenchymal Cells, Sromal Derived Factor-1 and Rheumatoid Arthritis, Abstract, Arthritis Rheum. 1999; 42: 250.
- Article within conference proceedings
Jones, X. An attempt to use soybean protein as an alternate for Fetal Bovine Serum in animal cell culture. In proceedings of the First Natural Conference on Porous Sieves, Smith Y. Stoneham (Ed.) 27-30 June 1996; Baltimore, Butterworth-Heinemann, 16-27.
- Book chapter, or article within a book
Schnepf, E. Microsomal lipid peroxidation. Methods Enzymol. In Origins of plastids, Vol. 2, 2nd Edn., R.A. Lewin(Ed), Chapman and Hall, New York, 1993; 53-76
- Whole issue of journal
Ponder, B., Johnston, S., and Chodosh, L. (Eds), Innovative Oncology, In Breast Cancer Res., 1998; 10: 1-72
- Whole conference proceedings
Smith, Y. (Ed) 1996; Proceedings of Indian Association of Biomedical Scientists (IABMS) on porous Sieves, June 1996; 27-30 Butterworth-Heinemann, Baltimore, Stoneham.
- Complete book
Margulis, L., Origin of Prokaryotic Cells, Yale University Press, New Haven. 1970.
- Monograph or book in a Series
Hunninghake, G.W. and Gadek, J.E., “The Alveolar Macarphage”, In Culture Human Cells and Tissues, T.J.R.Harris (Ed.), Academic Press, New York, Stoner, G. (Series Editor), Methods and Perspectives in Cell Biology, 1995; Vol. 1: pp. 54-56.
- Book with institutional author
Microbiology A Laboratory Manual (7th Edition), Annual Report, London. 1999.
- Ph.D. Thesis
Vishnupriya. S “Effect of dietary supplements on cigarette induced changes”, Ph.D. Thesis, Biotechnology Department, Bharathidasan University. 2010.
Mouse Tumor Biology Database, Http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/index.do, updated 12 May 2001, cited 21 July 2002.
Figures and tables
Figures and tables are justified only if they are needed to understand the data. Repeat illustrations are not acceptable. Redundancy of figures and tables must be avoided. Figures must be submitted ready for reproduction. Microphotographs need to contain space bars. Figures must be supplied in digital format (EPSDD or TIFF format, resolution for final size of figure should be 300 dpi for halftones, 600-1200 dpi for black/White line drawings). Legends should be provided separately and must contain a short title followed by sufficient information to avoid frequent reference to the text. Before submitting a manuscript, ensure that all figures and tables have been presented only at the end, after the ‘References’ section.
Once a submitted manuscript is reviewed and deemed eligible, the corresponding author will be intimated on its acceptance for publication. A nominal charge per printed page of the manuscript will then have to be paid by the authors towards meeting publication charges. The relevant payment is to be sent only by Demand Draft made in favour of “Editor-in-chief, Biomedicine” payable at Chennai. The charges are subject to change, which may be checked with the Editor-in-chief.
Interested author(s) are encouraged to submit one hard copy of the typed manuscript and one soft copy in CD-Rom or via e-mail, along with a covering letter and copyright form. The copyright form should be duly signed by all authors and a covering letter should contain the telephone no., email id and full correspondence address. Everything should be sent by post/courier to the editorial office
Dr. E. Padmini
Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry
Bharathi Women’s College, Chennai-600108.