Nonspecific low back pain in sedentary workers: A narrative review




Sedentary workers, nonspecific low back pain, risk factors, adaptations, exercise therapy


A sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor, significantly increasing the incidence of low back pain (LBP). Higher levels of sedentary lifestyle were witnessed in the workers who spent the greatest amount of their time in sitting positions in the workplace and during free time. The incidence and prevalence of low back pain in sedentary workers were 14-37% and 34-62%. Noticeably, the people with low back pain had higher productivity loss. It specifies more research is required to help individuals with back pain to stay in their work. The main intention of this study briefly reviews the risk factors, associated adaptations, and Interventions in physical therapy for preventing and managing nonspecific low back pain in sedentary workers. To do this review, Information was gathered from the offline library resources and online electronic search databases (Scopus, COCHRANE, PUBMED). The keywords used were low back pain, sedentary workers, risk factors, adaptations, exercise therapy, and sedentary lifestyle. The prognosis and management of low back pain were greatly influenced by several risk factors related to physical, psychological, and occupational factors. During the transition of low back pain from acute to chronic stages, adaptations in various domains like psychological, behavioral, and neuromuscular changes are seen. Exercise therapy itself or in addition to other therapeutic approaches is successful in preventing and treatment of nonspecific low back pain in sedentary workforces. By identifying associated risk factors, and changes adapted by individual patients, Therapists can design proper exercise therapeutic approaches that will provide more effective interventions.

Author Biographies

Saina Swathi

Chettinad School of Physiotherapy, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, 603103, Tamil Nadu, India.

Senthil P.

Chettinad School of Physiotherapy, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, 603103, Tamil Nadu, India.

Shazia Neelam

Chettinad School of Physiotherapy, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, 603103, Tamil Nadu, India.


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How to Cite

Swathi S, P. S, Neelam S. Nonspecific low back pain in sedentary workers: A narrative review. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 14 [cited 2022 Nov. 27];42(5):863-9. Available from:

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