Is there any correlation between physical activity and severity of knee osteoarthritis in secondary referral hospital in Indonesia?


  • Panji Sananta
  • Nyoman Triska Ariyanti
  • Dhelya Widasmara
  • Eka Noviya Fuzianingsih



degree of pain, Kellgren-Lawrence, knee osteoarthritis, physical activity, severity of osteoarthritis


Introduction and Aim: Osteoarthritis is a pathological condition of the joints that is degenerative and progressive, affecting two-thirds of people over 65 years of age, with a prevalence of 1.39 million among males and 1.69 million in females. The main clinical manifestation of osteoarthritis is joint pain. The incidence and progression of knee osteoarthritis are strongly influenced by risk factors, consisting of systemic factors including age, sex, hormonal factors, and biomechanical factors such as obesity, physical activity, and muscle weakness. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between physical activity, the severity of knee osteoarthritis and the level of pain based on the Kellgren-Lawrence system in gender.


Materials and Methods: This research was conducted in a cross-sectional design with 26 participants at Baptis Hospital in Batu City. As references for the interview, the GPPAQ and the WOMAC questionnaire were used. The Kellgren-Lawrence system is used to assess knee osteoarthritis.


Results: The Spearman correlation test results showed no significant relationship between physical activity and the severity of knee osteoarthritis, and no significance between physical activity and the degree of pain in general or by gender.


Conclusion: There was no statistically significant relationship between physical activity with the severity of knee osteoarthritis and the level of pain in males and females patients at Baptis Hospital in Batu City.

Author Biographies

Panji Sananta

Orthopaedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya, Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Nyoman Triska Ariyanti

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Dhelya Widasmara

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya, Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, East Java, Indonesia

Eka Noviya Fuzianingsih

Master of Immunology Study Program, Postgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia


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How to Cite

Sananta P, Triska Ariyanti N, Widasmara D, Noviya Fuzianingsih E. Is there any correlation between physical activity and severity of knee osteoarthritis in secondary referral hospital in Indonesia?. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 14 [cited 2022 Nov. 27];42(5):1014-7. Available from:



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