Screening of B-cell epitopes of Der-p1 and Der-p2 major aeroallergens by computational approach for designing immunotherapeutics
Keywords:Allergic asthma, house dust mite, B-cell epitopes, In silico predictions, IEDB tools
Introduction and Aim: Allergic diseases are IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions affecting approximately 30% of the general population globally. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der-p) is the most prevalent house dust mite (HDM) species consisting of 23 mite allergen groups. Among these, group 1 and 2 are major allergenic proteins, which causes allergic asthma in 80% of sensitized individuals, with elevated IgE titres in the serum. This study involves in silico analysis of potential B-cell epitopes of group 1 and group 2 of Der-p, which can be utilized in designing immunotherapeutic vaccines.
Materials and Methods: Allergen sequences obtained from the database- International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS), for predicting of B-cell epitopes. The physiochemical properties and secondary structures of the obtained sequence were evaluated. The sequences were further subjected to determining antigenicity, surface accessibility, and prediction of linear and discontinuous B-cell epitope by utilizing IEDB tools.
Results: The linear and discontinuous B-cell epitopes of Der-p1 and Der-p2 aeroallergen were predicted. Further, Der-p1 and Der-p2 showed 6 linear epitopes each respectively. Conformational epitopes predicted were 123 of Der-p1 and 72 of Der-p2 respectively, by the ElliPro tool. Based on the structure, antigenicity, and surface accessibility, only 10% of Der-p1 and Der-p2 which binds to B-cell epitopes are linear and the majority are discontinuous.
Conclusion: The linear and conformational epitopes of Der-p1 and Der-p2 are predicted using in silico tools. These identified epitopes might be useful for developing epitope-based immunotherapeutics for HDM allergy.
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