Comparison of serum calcium, magnesium level and total antioxidant activity in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus

Authors

  • Deepa K. Kamath
  • Muralidhar V. Pai
  • Saleena Ummer
  • Saritha Kamath U.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51248/.v41i2.1055

Keywords:

Gestational diabetes, delivery, pregnancy, hyperglycemia

Abstract

Introduction and Aim:Pregnancy is a normal physiological state during which women experience a lot of internal bodily changes. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a complication of pregnancy which is characterized by hyperglycemia due to an error in carbohydrate metabolism. During pregnancy changes in metabolism may induce oxidant stress and it may increase in GDM. The present study was done to compare serum calcium, magnesium and total antioxidant activity in pregnant women with and without hyperglycemia.

 

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted for a period of one year. Total 67 participants were included and their serum samples were analyzed for serum calcium magnesium and total antioxidant activity. Among these 29 were GDM (43%) and 38 were non-GDM (57%). All study subjects were on supplementation of calcium, iron and folic acid.

 

Results: In our study, there were no significant difference in serum calcium, magnesium and antioxidant activity between GDM and non GDM women.

 

Conclusion: Calcium, magnesium and antioxidant activitywere maintained well both in pregnant women GDM and non GDM, this may be due to beneficial effect of calcium, iron, folic acid supplementation.

 

Author Biographies

Deepa K. Kamath

Medical Laboratory Technology, Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal Academy of Higher Education(MAHE), Manipal, 576 104, Karnataka, India

Muralidhar V. Pai

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education(MAHE), Manipal, Karnataka, India

Saleena Ummer

Medical Laboratory Technology, Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal Academy of Higher Education(MAHE), Manipal, 576 104, Karnataka, India

Saritha Kamath U.

Medical Laboratory Technology, Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal Academy of Higher Education(MAHE), Manipal, 576 104, Karnataka, India

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Published

2021-09-07

How to Cite

1.
Kamath DK, Pai MV, Ummer S, Kamath U. S. Comparison of serum calcium, magnesium level and total antioxidant activity in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2021Sep.7 [cited 2021Sep.22];41(2):443-7. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/1055