Evaluation of efficacy of different tooth paste formulations in reducing the oral microbial load - An in vivo study

Authors

  • G Priyal
  • Maji Jose
  • Shruti Nayak
  • Vidya Pai
  • Sudeendra Prabhu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51248/.v41i2.1059

Keywords:

Dentifrices, tooth pastes, herbal, non herbal, plaque, microflora, antimicrobial efficacy

Abstract

Introduction and Aim: Toothpastes are the most common preventive means in oral health care. Many commercially available dentifrices claim to have antimicrobial properties, but little research has been conducted to investigate these claims. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of different toothpaste formulations in reducing the oral microbial load.

Methodology: A total of six types of tooth pastes-4 herbal and 2 non-herbal- were assigned to a group of 20 subjects each, who used it for a period of six weeks. During the course of the study, at the end of 1st, 3rd and 6th week, subgingival plaque samples collected were subjected to microbial analysis.

Results: Microbial analysis identified colonies of organisms such as S. mitis, S. mutans, S. salivarius, Peptostreptococcus species, Prevotella species and Lactobacillus species. Colony forming units (cfu) calculated indicated a reduction in microbial load from 1st to 6th week of use of different tooth paste formulations. However statistical analysis of the results did not show significant differences between the groups (p>0.005).

Conclusion: The selected tooth paste formulations were effective in controlling the microbial load and therefore contributing to maintain good oral hygiene. However, practicing appropriate oral hygiene measures & brushing technique is of utmost importance in maintaining good oral health than the effectiveness of various ingredients in the toothpastes used.

Author Biographies

G Priyal

AJ Shetty Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Maji Jose

Department of Oral Pathology, Centre for Forensic Odontology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya Deemed to be University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Shruti Nayak

Department of Oral Pathology,  Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya Deemed to be University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Vidya Pai

Department of Microbiology, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya Deemed to be University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Sudeendra Prabhu

Centre for Forensic Odontology, Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya Deemed to be University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

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Published

2021-09-07

How to Cite

1.
Priyal G, Jose M, Nayak S, Pai V, Prabhu S. Evaluation of efficacy of different tooth paste formulations in reducing the oral microbial load - An in vivo study. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2021Sep.7 [cited 2021Sep.22];41(2):465-71. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/1059

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