Evaluation of efficacy of different tooth paste formulations in reducing the oral microbial load - An in vivo study
Keywords:Dentifrices, tooth pastes, herbal, non herbal, plaque, microflora, antimicrobial efficacy
Introduction and Aim: Toothpastes are the most common preventive means in oral health care. Many commercially available dentifrices claim to have antimicrobial properties, but little research has been conducted to investigate these claims. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of different toothpaste formulations in reducing the oral microbial load.
Methodology: A total of six types of tooth pastes-4 herbal and 2 non-herbal- were assigned to a group of 20 subjects each, who used it for a period of six weeks. During the course of the study, at the end of 1st, 3rd and 6th week, subgingival plaque samples collected were subjected to microbial analysis.
Results: Microbial analysis identified colonies of organisms such as S. mitis, S. mutans, S. salivarius, Peptostreptococcus species, Prevotella species and Lactobacillus species. Colony forming units (cfu) calculated indicated a reduction in microbial load from 1st to 6th week of use of different tooth paste formulations. However statistical analysis of the results did not show significant differences between the groups (p>0.005).
Conclusion: The selected tooth paste formulations were effective in controlling the microbial load and therefore contributing to maintain good oral hygiene. However, practicing appropriate oral hygiene measures & brushing technique is of utmost importance in maintaining good oral health than the effectiveness of various ingredients in the toothpastes used.
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