Prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis among the population of southern Kyrgyzstan - A cross-sectional observational study

Authors

  • Tugolbai Tagaev Department of Hospital Internal Medicine, Occupational Pathology with a Course of Hematology, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3102-6524
  • Farida Imanalieva Department of Hospital Internal Medicine, Occupational Pathology with a Course of Hematology, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • Sagynali Mamatov Department of Hospital Internal Medicine, Occupational Pathology with a Course of Hematology, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • Yethindra Vityala Department of Pathology, International Higher School of Medicine, International University of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • Altynai Zhumabekova Obstetrician-Gynecologist, City Maternity Hospital No. 2, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51248/.v41i4.1176

Keywords:

Osteopenia, osteoporosis, bone mineral density, ultrasound bone densitometry, Kyrgyzstan

Abstract

Introduction and Aim: Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by diminished bone strength that increases the risk of fracture in instances of trivial trauma. The objective was to conduct ultrasound bone densitometry in different age groups (18-60 years and older) in southern Kyrgyzstan, to identify and study the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

 

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study a total of 1200 participants were included, where 580 men and 620 women were aged between 18-60 years and older. Based on the age, the participants were divided into three groups. Bone mineral density in participants was measured using a SONOST-3000 densitometer model. The study was conducted among the population of the Osh and Jalal-Abad regions.

 

Results: Among the population of Osh state in the first group, normal values were found in 65.0%, osteopenia in 26.0%, and osteoporosis in 9.0% of participants. In the second group, values were significantly higher than in the first group. In the third age group, values exceeded significantly compared to the first and second groups. Similar data were obtained from the population of Jalal-Abad state, but a significant difference was found in the elderly people group with a higher percentage of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

 

Conclusion: The results showed the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in participants of different age categories of Osh and Jalal-Abad states, and especially in the elderly. Depending on the gender distribution, the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in our study is significantly higher in women than in men.

Author Biography

Altynai Zhumabekova, Obstetrician-Gynecologist, City Maternity Hospital No. 2, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

 

 

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Tagaev T, Imanalieva F, Mamatov S, Vityala Y, Zhumabekova A. Prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis among the population of southern Kyrgyzstan - A cross-sectional observational study. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2021Dec.31 [cited 2022Jan.20];41(4):742-6. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/1176

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