Diagnostic utility of serum anti-Mullerian hormone levels in south Indian women with polycystic ovarian syndrome


  • Naveetha Lakshmi Narayanaswamy
  • Freethi Ramanathan
  • Moonishaa Thiyagarajan Manjuladevi




Anti-müllerian hormone, Polycystic ovarian syndrome, Rotterdam criteria, antral follicular count, ovarian volume


Introduction and Aim: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrinopathy among women of reproductive age group, conventionally diagnosed using multiple clinical and biochemical tests. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels in PCOS.


Materials and Methods: The case control study involved 60 women of 18-40 years age, further grouped using Rotterdam criteria as cases with PCOS (n = 30) and controls without PCOS (n = 30). Study variables were compared between the groups using independent t-test. Correlation analyses were performed to predict the relationship of AMH with other PCOS determinants. Simple logistic regression and ROC analyses were used to determine the diagnostic utility of AMH.


Results: PCOS cases had increased levels of serum LH, testosterone, AMH, BMI, total antral follicular count (AFC), ovarian volume (OV) (p < 0.05*) than controls. Of all, serum AMH had the strongest association with PCOS (OR > 1, p < 0.05*) and showed considerable positive correlations with LH:FSH ratio, testosterone, AFC (r = 0.7768, p < 0.05*), OV (r = 0.7981, p < 0.05*). ROC analysis of AMH was significant (AUC = 0.966, p < 0.05*) with high sensitivity, specificity for cut points between 5.595 ng/mL and 5.90 ng/mL.


Conclusion: Elevated serum AMH levels were strongly associated with PCOS and correlated with its routine clinical determinants. Serum AMH estimation with cut-off between 5.595 ng/mL to 5.90 ng/mL, is proposed as a useful index for PCOS diagnosis.

Author Biographies

Naveetha Lakshmi Narayanaswamy

Department of Biochemistry, Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital, (Affiliated to The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R Medical University), Siruvachur, Perambalur, 621 212, Tamil Nadu, India

Freethi Ramanathan

Department of Biochemistry, K.A.P. Viswanatham Government Medical College, (Affiliated to The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R Medical University), Periyamilaguparai, Trichy - 620 001, Tamil Nadu, India

Moonishaa Thiyagarajan Manjuladevi

Department of Biochemistry, Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital, (Affiliated to Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan University), Samayapuram, Trichy, 621 112, Tamil Nadu, India


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How to Cite

Narayanaswamy NL, Ramanathan F, Thiyagarajan Manjuladevi M. Diagnostic utility of serum anti-Mullerian hormone levels in south Indian women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2023 Sep. 18 [cited 2023 Oct. 4];43(4):1215-9. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/2312



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