Prevalence of tension-type headache and its correlation with sleep quality among physiotherapy and nursing students from higher education institutions in Klang valley, Malaysia, during the COVID-19 pandemic
Keywords:Tension-type headache, Sleep quality, COVID-19, Physiotherapy students, Nursing students
Introduction and Aim: Previously tension-type headache (TTH) was found to be highly prevalent among the general population worldwide, but the current data available were limited. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many life changes occurred to adapt to the situation, students started e-learning from home and their sleep quality (SQ) might be influenced. Physiotherapy and nursing students were studied as they are rarely being studied by researchers, information about them was very limited. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of TTH, SQ and the type of correlation between the two during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by sharing the online questionnaires composed of 2 main components: (i) Questionnaire formulated from diagnosing criteria for TTH of ICHD-3 (ii) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), to PS and NS students from higher education institutions in Klang Valley, Malaysia.
Results: A total of 259 respondents were recruited in the study. The prevalence of TTH was 76.8% and SQ had a mean score of 5.12, which indicated poor SQ among PS and NS students, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Correlation between TTH and SQ was proved to be significant in this study (p=0.032, rs =0.133).
Conclusion: High prevalence of TTH and poor SQ among PS and NS students during the COVID-19 pandemic was determined. There is a weak positive correlation between TTH and SQ during COVID-19 pandemic.
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