Social and biological factors related to the development of climacteric syndrome in women from Kyrgyzstan


  • Tanzilya Teppeeva
  • Kanysh Karymshakova
  • Almaz Makenjan Uulu
  • Altynai Zhumabekova



Climacteric syndrome, menopausal disorders, premenopause, postmenopause, gynecologic history


Introduction and Aim: Climacteric syndrome (CS) is observed in 50–80% of women over 50 years of age, which is related to the most common age-specific diseases in women. The objective of this study is to evaluate social and biological factors of the development of menopausal disorders and their incidence in women from Kyrgyzstan.


Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 1465 women aged between 35–64 years. Premenopausal and postmenopausal (<10 years) women from Kyrgyzstan were included and women with surgical menopause were excluded from this study.


Results: The mean age of perimenopause and postmenopause onset was 44.4 ± 3.66 years and 48.26 ± 3.87 years. Analysing gynecologic history in examined women reported that 46% and 25.5% suffered from menstrual disorders and premenstrual syndrome. Considering comorbidities, in examined women hypertension (48.9%), thyroid gland diseases (50.2%), gastrointestinal tract and hepatobiliary system diseases (39.6%), obesity (36.9%), and urinary system diseases (26.6%) were observed.


Conclusion: Even though there are some researchers who studied social and biological factors of the development of menopausal disorders, their nature, and incidence in women from Kyrgyzstan, this study is necessary for solving the problems in medical care and management of CS in women with comorbidities and gynecologic histories.

Author Biographies

Tanzilya Teppeeva

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No.1, I. K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Kanysh Karymshakova

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No.1, I. K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Almaz Makenjan Uulu

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No.1, I. K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Altynai Zhumabekova

Obstetrician-Gynecologist, City Maternity Hospital No. 2, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan


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How to Cite

Teppeeva T, Karymshakova K, Makenjan Uulu A, Zhumabekova A. Social and biological factors related to the development of climacteric syndrome in women from Kyrgyzstan. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2023 May 4 [cited 2023 Dec. 2];43(02):610-4. Available from:



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