Relationship between cathepsin K and total oxidative state in diabetes mellitus female patients with osteoporosis in Iraq


  • Abeer Abaas Jafer
  • Bushra Hameed Ali



Cathepsin K, TOS, T2DM, OP


Introduction and Aim: Diabetes mellitus patients almost always struggle with a metabolic condition known as chronic hyperglycemia. According to the World Health Organization, osteoporosis is a progressive systemic skeletal disorder that is characterized by decreasing bone mass and microstructural breakdown of bone tissue that increases susceptibility to fracture and increased risk of breaking a bone. Here, we aimed to compare the levels of CatK and total oxidative state in patients with diabetes and osteoporosis among the female Iraqi population and study the possible relationship between them.


Materials and Methods: This study included 40 females with diabetes (Group G1), 40 with diabetes and osteoporosis (Group G2) and 40 normal healthy females (Group G3) as controls. All participants were checked for their height, weight and BMI. Blood drawn from everyone was analyzed for fasting blood sugar, HbA1c, Cathepsin K, TOS, TAC and MDA. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis.


Results: According to the findings, the levels of cathepsin K increased significantly (P 0.001) from Group 1 to Groups 2 and 3, as measured by their mean and standard deviation values. The results of total oxidant status, expressed as means and standard deviations (Mean SD), demonstrated a high significant (P 0.001) decline from group G1 to groups G2 and G3.


Conclusion: Cathepsin K was observed to be linked to both type 2 diabetes and bone loss. In postmenopausal Iraqi women with type 2 diabetes, Cathepsin K may serve as a biomarker for both diabetes and osteoporosis.

Author Biographies

Abeer Abaas Jafer

Department of Chemistry, College of Education for Pure Science, Ibn Al-Haitham, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Bushra Hameed Ali

Department of Chemistry, College of Education for Pure Science, Ibn Al-Haitham, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


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How to Cite

Abaas Jafer A, Hameed Ali B. Relationship between cathepsin K and total oxidative state in diabetes mellitus female patients with osteoporosis in Iraq. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2023 May 4 [cited 2023 Dec. 2];43(02):621-4. Available from:



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