Oral and maxillofacial tuberculosis: A review


  • Sachidananda Mallya P.
  • Shrikara Mallya
  • Appala Raju B.




Oral cavity, Extrapulmonary, Ulcer, lHIV, Mycobacterium tuberculosis


There are cases of oral tubercular lesions; however, they are scarce. Oral lesions were present in less than 0.1 percent of the tuberculous patients. the bulk of which mostly affected the tongue's base. The obscure location of the tuberculous lesions might account for the disparity in incidence of occurrence. Oral tuberculosis can occur as a primary or secondary infection. In younger individuals, primary lesions are rare, and they are frequently linked to enlarged cervical lymphadenopathy. Secondary oral Tuberculosis many a times exists together with pulmonary illness and can affect persons of all ages; however, those in their forties and fifties are more likely to be impacted. Organisms entering the sputum and subsequently entering the layers of mucosa via a tiny fissure on the surface of mucosa are the most likely mode of inoculation. The organisms were most likely transferred through the blood to the oral tissues and reached the submucosa before proliferating and ulcerating the overlying mucosa, while lesions of the mouth are less frequent, they are necessary for detecting and treating primary tuberculosis.

Author Biographies

Sachidananda Mallya P.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Oral Microbiology, AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences (ABSMIDS), Nitte (Deemed to be University), Mangalore, 575 018, Karnataka, India

Shrikara Mallya

Department of Microbiology, AJ Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Mangalore, 575 004, Karnataka, India

Appala Raju B.

Department of Microbiology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Coimbatore, Affiliated Dr. M.G. R. Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India


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How to Cite

Mallya P. S, Mallya S, Raju B. A. Oral and maxillofacial tuberculosis: A review. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 8 [cited 2023 Dec. 2];43(5):1361-7. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/3293

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