Oral and maxillofacial tuberculosis: A review
Keywords:Oral cavity, Extrapulmonary, Ulcer, lHIV, Mycobacterium tuberculosis
There are cases of oral tubercular lesions; however, they are scarce. Oral lesions were present in less than 0.1 percent of the tuberculous patients. the bulk of which mostly affected the tongue's base. The obscure location of the tuberculous lesions might account for the disparity in incidence of occurrence. Oral tuberculosis can occur as a primary or secondary infection. In younger individuals, primary lesions are rare, and they are frequently linked to enlarged cervical lymphadenopathy. Secondary oral Tuberculosis many a times exists together with pulmonary illness and can affect persons of all ages; however, those in their forties and fifties are more likely to be impacted. Organisms entering the sputum and subsequently entering the layers of mucosa via a tiny fissure on the surface of mucosa are the most likely mode of inoculation. The organisms were most likely transferred through the blood to the oral tissues and reached the submucosa before proliferating and ulcerating the overlying mucosa, while lesions of the mouth are less frequent, they are necessary for detecting and treating primary tuberculosis.
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