Ways to reduce the incidence of cesarean sections according to the Robson classification
Keywords:Abdominal delivery, fetal gestation, cesarean section, Robson classification, labor
Introduction and Aim: Cesarean sections (CS) are a medically indicated and effective method for reducing maternal and perinatal mortality. The incidence of CS has increased in developed as well as developing countries over the past few decades. The objective of this study is to analyze the distribution of births according to the Robson classification and to assess ways to reduce the frequency of CS.
Methods: This is a retrospective study based on records of the delivery histories of 18,125 female patients in the maternity department of the Kyrgyz Research Center for Human Reproduction, conducted using Robson classification.
Results: However, the parameters also showed a statistically significant decrease in the highest number of patients in group 3 by -18.9% (from 40.6% to 32.9%) and group 1 by -9.9% (from 29.2% to 26.3%) in 2022 compared to 2016, p<0.001. Despite their low specific weights, the 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 groups showed a significant increase despite their small numbers.
Conclusion: Despite their low proportion but massive increase in indicators, the small number of groups 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 may contribute to perinatal mortality and morbidity, highlighting the need for rigorous monitoring and control of pregnant women in these groups.
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