Effectiveness of isolated ankle strengthening and functional balance training in single leg drop jump land in football players and measuring the stability
Introduction and Aim: Football is one of the famous sports in the world and associated with many ankle injuries in football players. Many football players use single leg drop jump landing ranging from 13 to 20 out of 1000 players. Functional balance maintain or improve activities of daily living and quality of life. Strength training increases the density of bone and reduces the risk of fractures. Aim of this present study is to analyze the effectiveness of the isolated ankle strengthening and functional balance training in single leg drop jump land in football players.
Materials and Methods: 30 football players with single leg drop jump were randomly selected to participate in this pre and post test experimental study. Study is done at ACS medical college. Selected players were asked to perform the exercise for about 8 weeks, 40 minutes per day. The subjects performed ankle strengthening for 20 minutes and functional balance training for 20 minutes. Dorsiflexors are at high-risk injury during single leg drop jump land in football players. Thus, exercise is given for strengthening and functional balance and prevailing stability of ankle is measured using foot and ankle measure (sub scale) (FAAM), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT).
Results: On comparing mean values of SEBT within group between pretest and post-test values, it shows statistically highly significant difference and improvement in balance between pre-test (89.67) and post-test (94.18) at P<0.001. On comparing the mean value of FAMM sports subscale within group between pretest and post-test values, it shows statistically highly significant difference and improvement in ankle and foot physical function between pretest (45.34) and post-test (60.81) at P <0.001.
Conclusion: This study shows that isolated ankle strengthening, and functional balance training is effective in improving the ankle strength and balance in football players.
Keywords: Stability threshold; single leg drop jump land; foot and ankle ability measure scale sports subscale (FAAM); star excursion balance test (SEBT)
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