Awareness regarding breast cancer among urban women in South India
Keywords:Awareness, breast cancer, breast self-examination, literacy
Introduction and Aim: Breast cancer is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and recent trends have shown increased incidence among younger women. There is, therefore, an imminent need to raise the level of awareness among the women in the entire population. The present study was carried out to evaluate the level of awareness among urban women in South India.
Methodology: This hospital based cross sectional study was carried out among 1000 adult women who visited the outpatient clinics of our tertiary care hospital for various illness. The level of awareness regarding breast cancer was elicited based on the risk factors of breast cancer, symptoms, and role of family history. Awareness regarding the tools for early detection, management and preventive measures was also elicited.
Results: The study observed that 78.9% of the participants who were illiterates had no awareness of the symptoms, while 57.9% of the participants with high school level education were unaware of the symptoms. Regarding the role of genetics in breast cancer occurrence, 47% of the illiterate participants reported that breast cancer is not hereditary. It was observed that lack of awareness regarding the early detection was prevalent among 81%, 87% and 93% of the participants who were illiterate, primary, and middle school level educated respectively.
Conclusion: The present study has also elucidated the lack of adequate knowledge on important facts regarding the breast cancer is alarming and this needs to be addressed with due focus on providing health education by health care providers at various levels of health system.
Rangarajan, B., Shet, T., Wadasadawala, T., Nair, N. S., Sairam, R. M., Hingmire, S. S., et al., Breast cancer: An overview of published Indian data. South Asian J Cancer. 2016; 5(3): 86-92.
Baig, S., Saeed Ali, T. Evaluation of efficacy self-breast examination for breast cancer prevention: a cost-effective screening tool. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2006; 7(1): 154-156.
Prusty, R. K., Begum, S., Patil, A., Naik, D. D., Pimple, S., Mishra, G. Knowledge of symptoms and risk factors of breast cancer among women: a community-based study in a low socio-economic area of Mumbai, India. BMC Women’s Health. 2020.
Somdatta, P., Baridalyne, N. Awareness of breast cancer in women of an urban resttlement colony. Indian J Cancer. 2008; 45(4): 149-153.
Dey, S., Mishra, A., Govil, J., Dhillon, P. K. Breast cancer awareness at the community level among women in Delhi, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015; 16(13): 5243-5251
World Health Organisation. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases. [Internet]. 2010. https://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_report_full_en.pdf
Kudela, E., Samec, M., Kubatka, P., Nachajova, M., Laucekova, Z., Liskova, A., et al., Breast Cancer in Young Women: Status Quo and Advanced Disease Management by a Predictive, Preventive, and Personalized Approach. Cancers (Basel). 2019; 11(11): 1791.
Singh, R., Shetty, N., Rai, P., Yadav, G., Gandhi, M., Naveed, M., et al., Breast cancer awareness among women in an urban setup in western India. Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2018; 39(2): 215-218.
Nirojini, P. S., Nadendla, R. Knowledge and awareness of breast cancer among young women living in south India. Value in Health. 2015; 18(7): 685.
Gupta, A., Shridhar, K., Dhillon, P. K. A review of breast cancer awareness among women in India: Cancer literate or awareness deficit? Eur J Cancer. 2015; 51(14): 2058-2066.
Ministry of Health & Family Welfare GOI. National programme for prevention & control of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diabetes & stroke (NPCDCS). [Internet] 2010.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Biomedicine
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.