Web based and conventional classroom based anti-tobacco awareness programs: A comparative study

Authors

  • Radhakrishnan Poornima
  • Maji Jose
  • Shruti D. Nayak
  • Reuben Abraham Jacob

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51248/.v41i1.533

Keywords:

Computer-assisted instruction, tobacco, health knowledge, attitudes, practice.

Abstract

Introduction and Aim: The technology enhanced education programs are efficient than traditional passive learning methodologies with respect to learning gains and knowledge retention, thereby reinforcing positive habits in students of all ages. The present study was designed to develop a computer assisted digital educational program on ill effects of tobacco and to assess the impactof this methodology over traditional classroom based anti-tobacco awareness program.

 

Materials and Methods:Two types of anti-tobacco awareness programs namely, computer assisted and conventional teaching, were administered to school childrenof teen age and successivelyknowledge retention, the attitude and behaviour towards tobacco were assessed through a structured questionnaire. Assessment was done on two occasions: subsequent to the training program (Phase I), six months after the program (Phase II). The results were compared usingindependent ‘t’ test and paired ‘t’ test. P < 0.05 was consideredstatistically significant.

 

Results:The students who received the computer-assistedtraining had a significantly higher cognitive learning outcome, both short term and long term and presented a significantly more positive attitude towards tobacco prevention (p < 0.05). However, no significant difference was noted in behaviour. Different parameters   within Group 1 and 2, in phase I and phase II remained without significant difference (p> 0.05). A very strong positive correlation between knowledge and attitude was noted among participants of computer-assisted program.

 

Conclusion:Computer assisted anti-tobacco awareness program is better in terms of short term and long term knowledge retention in comparison to conventional classroom based learning program. Also long-term knowledge retention seems to have increased the concern about tobacco, which would have modified their behaviour towards engaging in protective practices.

Author Biographies

Radhakrishnan Poornima

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya (Deemed to be)University, Mangalore, Karnataka India

Maji Jose

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya (Deemed to be)University, Mangalore, Karnataka India

Shruti D. Nayak

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya (Deemed to be)University, Mangalore, Karnataka India

Reuben Abraham Jacob

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya (Deemed to be)University, Mangalore, Karnataka India

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Published

2021-04-03

How to Cite

1.
Poornima R, Jose M, Nayak SD, Jacob RA. Web based and conventional classroom based anti-tobacco awareness programs: A comparative study. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2021Apr.3 [cited 2021Apr.14];41(1):52-7. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/533

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Original Research Articles