Chemical burns of the esophagus in children of Kyrgyzstan:10-year analysis of prevalence and cause

Authors

  • Daniyarbek Shaibekov
  • Minbai Zhoroev
  • Satylganov Artur
  • Melis Nazaraliev
  • Talantbek Omurbekov
  • Yethindra Vityala
  • Tugolbai Tagaev

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51248/.v41i2.788

Keywords:

Children, chemical burns, prevalence, causative agents

Abstract

Introduction and Aim:In Kyrgyzstan, there are still no studies on the prevalence of chemical burns of the esophagus in children, and there are also few studies aimed at studying the causative agents. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of burns of the esophagus due to the accidental use of various chemicals by children and the chemical composition of cauterizing substances over a 10-year period of admission of children to the clinic.

Materials and Methods:An analysis of 1081 cases of chemical burns of the esophagus in children who received inpatient treatment for the period 2011–2020 is presented.

 

Results:In our study, caustic substances were used more often by boys (56.9%) than girls (43.1%), most of the children were under the age of 3 years. There is a tendency for an annual increase in chemical burns of the esophagus. Among the causal factors, there is an increase in the use of alkalis, which are part of the cleaning agents for dishes and plumbing pipes - Krot; recently, the cleaning agent for cauldrons - Aurora is gaining momentum.

Conclusion: The emerging situation indicates not only the need for further medical research in this area, but also the tightening of requirements for the packaging and use of household chemicals, and the solution of this problem at the state level.

Author Biographies

Daniyarbek Shaibekov

Department of Pediatric Surgery, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Minbai Zhoroev

Department of Pediatric Surgery, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Satylganov Artur

Department of Pediatric Surgery, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Melis Nazaraliev

Department of Pediatric Surgery, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Talantbek Omurbekov

Department of Pediatric Surgery, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Yethindra Vityala

Department of Pathology, International Higher School of Medicine, International University of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Tugolbai Tagaev

Department of Hospital Internal Medicine, Occupational Pathology with a course of Hematology, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

References

Mamede, R. C., De Mello Filho, F. V. Treatment of caustic ingestion: an analysis of 239 cases. Dis Esophagus. 2002;15(3):210-213.

Turner, A., Robinson, P. Respiratory and gastrointestinal complications of caustic ingestion in children. Emerg Med J. 2005;22(5):359-361.

Lee, H. J., Lee, J. H., Seo, J. M., Lee, S. K., Choe, Y. H. A single center experience of self-bougienage on stricture recurrence after surgery for corrosive esophageal strictures in children. Yonsei Med J. 2010;51(2):202-205.

Bicakci, U., Tander, B., Deveci, G., Rizalar, R., Ariturk, E., Bernay, F. Minimally invasive management of children with caustic ingestion: less pain for patients. Pediatr Surg Int. 2010;26(3):251-255.

Hockenberry, M. J., Wilson, D. Wong's Nursing Care of Infants and Children Multimedia Enhanced Version. 9th ed. United States: Mosby; 2013.

Ekpe, E. E., Ette, V. Morbidity and mortality of caustic ingestion in rural children: experience in a new cardiothoracic surgery unit in Nigeria. ISRN Pediatr. 2012;2012:210632.

Previtera, C., Giusti, F., Guglielmi, M. Predictive value of visible lesions (cheeks, lips, oropharynx) in suspected caustic ingestion: may endoscopy reasonably be omitted in completely negative pediatric patients? PediatrEmerg Care. 1990;6(3):176-178.

Otçu, S., Karnak, I., Tanyel, F. C., Senocak, M. E., Büyükpamukçu, N. Biochemical indicators of caustic ingestion and/or accompanying esophageal injury in children. Turk J Pediatr. 2003;45(1):21-25.

Do?an, Y., Erkan, T., Coku?ra?, F. C., Kutlu T. Caustic gastroesophageal lesions in childhood: an analysis of 473 cases. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2006;45(5):435-438.

Ciftci, A. O., Senocak, M. E., Büyükpamukçu, N., Hiçsönmez, A. Gastric outlet obstruction due to corrosive ingestion: incidence and outcome. Pediatr Surg Int. 1999;15(2):88-91.

Downloads

Published

2021-07-07

How to Cite

1.
Shaibekov D, Zhoroev M, Artur S, Nazaraliev M, Omurbekov T, Vityala Y, Tagaev T. Chemical burns of the esophagus in children of Kyrgyzstan:10-year analysis of prevalence and cause. Biomedicine [Internet]. 2021Jul.7 [cited 2021Jul.24];41(2):233-5. Available from: https://biomedicineonline.org/index.php/home/article/view/788

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)