Chemical burns of the esophagus in children of Kyrgyzstan:10-year analysis of prevalence and cause
Keywords:Children, chemical burns, prevalence, causative agents
Introduction and Aim:In Kyrgyzstan, there are still no studies on the prevalence of chemical burns of the esophagus in children, and there are also few studies aimed at studying the causative agents. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of burns of the esophagus due to the accidental use of various chemicals by children and the chemical composition of cauterizing substances over a 10-year period of admission of children to the clinic.
Materials and Methods:An analysis of 1081 cases of chemical burns of the esophagus in children who received inpatient treatment for the period 2011–2020 is presented.
Results:In our study, caustic substances were used more often by boys (56.9%) than girls (43.1%), most of the children were under the age of 3 years. There is a tendency for an annual increase in chemical burns of the esophagus. Among the causal factors, there is an increase in the use of alkalis, which are part of the cleaning agents for dishes and plumbing pipes - Krot; recently, the cleaning agent for cauldrons - Aurora is gaining momentum.
Conclusion: The emerging situation indicates not only the need for further medical research in this area, but also the tightening of requirements for the packaging and use of household chemicals, and the solution of this problem at the state level.
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