Effect of respiratory muscle training with wind instrument among obese individuals
Keywords:Incentive spirometer, obesity, respiratory training, wind instrument
Introduction and Aim:One of the most utilized parts of the body when playing a wind instrument is diaphragm. It assists to blow air in and out of your lungs and into the instrument to create sound. Using controlled and measured breaths, the breathing and lung capacity could get improve. Even, music therapy, such as playing wind instrument has been used as a technique for managing and fastening recovery on a physical and emotional level.Therefore, aim of this study was to determine the effects of respiratory muscle training with wind instrument among obese individuals. The objective was to find out the effects of respiratory muscle training with wind instrument in improving maximum voluntary ventilation, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity and reducing dyspnoea among obese individuals.
Materials and Methods: Study included 40 individuals with obesity aged 18-30years. Participants were equally divided into 2 groups- A and B. Group A treated with wind instrument (flute) and group B treated with incentive spirometer, both the groups were treated for 5 days a week for 5 weeks in which 1 session per day for 40 minutes with 5 minutes of warm up, 10 minutes of breathing training, 20 minutes of intervention training program and 5 minutes of cool down. Both the groups were tested for maximum voluntary ventilation, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity using spirometry and dyspnea was graded with modified borg scale as a pre-test and post-test.
Results: The comparison of pre and post-test values of maximum voluntary ventilation, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity and modified borg scale showed a statistically significant difference with p-value <0.0001. While comparing the post-test values of maximum voluntary ventilation, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity and modified borg scale between group A and group B, group A showed higher result with statistical significant difference of p-value <0.0001.
Conclusion: Playing a wind instrument was found to be more effective than respiratory training using an incentive spirometer.
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