Due to transition in the journal platform, the previously submitted articles, which are under process can be re-submitted here for quick process, kindly co-operate


Volume: 44 Issue: 1

  • Open Access
  • Case Series

Diagnostic spectrum of cysts of head and neck: Case series and review of literature


 Rukma Bhandary, Deepalakshmi Tanthry, Poojitha S., Basavaprakash Sheelavanth, Meghana Udaya Acharya 


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, A J Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Mangalore, Karnataka, India 


 Corresponding author: Deepalakshmi Tanthry. Email: [email protected] 

Year: 2024, Page: 159-163, Doi: https://doi.org/10.51248/.v44i1.4035

Received: Nov. 1, 2023 Accepted: Feb. 21, 2024 Published: May 1, 2024



One of the foremost problems that brings patients to Otorhinolaryngology clinics are cystic swellings in the head and neck region. We aimed to study the presentation, configuration of cystic swellings of head and neck for diagnosis and management. A retrospective study of 30 patients belonging to diverse age group and presenting with complaints of swelling in the craniofacial domain to the otorhinolaryngology outpatient department was conducted. Based on the characterization of cystic swellings of head and neck, most turned out to be usually benign. The most common cyst was epidermoid cyst (56%), followed by second arch branchial cyst (26%). A single case each of nasopalatine cyst and intra-parotid lymphatic cyst was also reported. Swellings in the head and neck can have various presentations. Cytologic examination of head and neck cysts along with pre-operative clinical examination and imaging offer imperative information concerning the nature of the cystic lesions, and may rarely lead to any misdiagnosis. 

Keywords: Head and neck; cystic swellings; epidermoid cyst; thyroglossal cyst; branchial cyst; intra-parotid lymphatic cyst.



  1. Vazquez Salas, S., Pedro, K., Balram, A., Syed, S., Kotaka, K., Kadivar, A., et al., Head and neck cystic lesions: A cytology review of common and uncommon entities. Acta Cytologica. 2022;66(5):359-370. 
  2. Dutta, M., Saha, J., Biswas, G., Chattopadhyay, S., Sen, I., Sinha, R. Epidermoid cysts in head and neck: Our experiences, with review of literature. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013; 65(S1):14-21. 
  3. Connolly, A.A.P., MacKenzie, K. Paediatric neck masses – a diagnostic dilemma. J Laryngol Otol. 1997;111(6):541-545. 
  4. Kumar, N.G., Arora, S.S., Kumar, I., Pandher, P.K., Balwan, R. Dermoid cysts of the maxillofacial region: Case series. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 2019;18(2):238-244. 
  5. Hsieh, Y.Y., Hsueh, S., Hsueh, C., Lin, J.N., Luo, C.C., Lai, J.Y., et al., Pathological analysis of congenital cervical cysts in children: 20 years of experience at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Chang Gung Med J. 2003 Feb;26(2):107-113. 
  6. Joshi, J., Shah, S., Agarwal, D., Khasgiwal, A. Benign lymphoepithelial cyst of parotid gland: Review and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2018;22(Suppl 1):S91-S97. 
  7. AlQahtani, M., AlDossari, A., Nasser, A., AlOtaibi, K. Nasopalatine duct cyst: A diagnostic dilemma. Dent Oral Craniofac Res [Internet]. 2018;4(4). 

Cite this article


Rukma Bhandary, Deepalakshmi Tanthry, Poojitha S., Basavaprakash Sheelavanth, Meghana Udaya Acharya. Diagnostic spectrum of cysts of head and neck: Case series and review of literature. Biomedicine: 2024; 44(1): 159-163